Machupicchu Historic Sanctuary


This wonder of the world not only houses an important cultural legacy for Peru and the world, but also is a perfect habitat for a great variety of endemic and globally threatened birds like the Inca Wren (Pheugopedius eisenmanni).

There are 443 bird species in the Sanctuary, 15 of which are endemic to Peru.

  1. Marcapata Spinetail (Cranioleuca marcapatae) (VU)(E)
  2. Red-and-white Antpitta (Grallaria erythroleuca) (E)
  3. Inca Wren (Pheugopedius eisenmanni) (E)
  4. Royal Cinclodes (Cinclodes aricomae) (CR)

Birwatcher’s route:

The sanctuary offers three ideal options for birdwatchers:


  • The “Inka Trail”, which includes the traditional route (Route 1) and the Salkantay (Route 5). Duration time is 4 days and 3 nights by hiking trail.
  • The Amazon Route, from the Hydroelectric plant to the bridge ruins. Duration time is 5 to 6 hours approximately.
  • The Aobamba route, from Hydroelectric plant to the Valley of Ahobamba. Duration time is 3 hours approximately.

Best time for visiting is between May and November.

Inca Wren
(Pheugopedius eisenmanni)